“Reincarnation, also known as rebirth or transmigration, is the philosophical or religious concept that the non-physical essence of a living being begins a new life in a different physical form or body after biological death. In most beliefs involving reincarnation, the soul is seen as immortal and the only thing that becomes perishable is the body. Upon death, the soul becomes transmigrated into a new infant (or animal) to live again. The term transmigration means passing of soul from one body to another after death.” (Wiki)
“The concept of reincarnation is a metaphor for renewal. During the process of self-discovery, conscious awareness expands and a sense of rebirth occurs. In his book, The Varieties of Religious Experience, William James argues that religious experience cannot be solely explained by science or psychology. Instead, he believes that religious experience is “a fact, and functions as a fact“ in our lives (James, 1902, p. 4). James‘ work is significant in the study of religion because it highlights the importance of personal religious experience. It also paved the way for the development of the field of religious studies, which takes into account the religious experiences of individuals. James‘ work is also significant in the study of reincarnation. James was one of the first Western scholars to take seriously the idea of reincarnation, which is a central tenet of many Eastern religions. In his essay “The Efficacy of Prayer,” James discusses the case of a woman who claims to have memories of her previous life (James, 1902, p. 5). James is careful not to dismiss the woman‘s claims outright, and instead he argues that her memories could be explained by reincarnation. While James‘ work is significant in the study of both religion and reincarnation, it is also important to consider the role of eclecticism in the study of these topics. Eclecticism is the methodological approach of drawing from multiple schools of thought in order to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of a subject. In the study of religion, eclecticism is often used to synthesize the insights of different religious traditions. In the study of reincarnation, eclecticism can be used to draw from the insights of different scientific disciplines, such as psychology, biology, and anthropology. The use of eclecticism in the study of reincarnation is particularly helpful in understanding the different ways that reincarnation is understood in different cultures. For example, in some cultures reincarnation is understood as a process of reincarnating into different animal forms, while in others it is understood as a process of reincarnating into different human forms. The use of eclecticism allows us to take into account the different understandings of reincarnation in different cultures, and to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon. In conclusion, the work of William James is significant in the study of both religion and reincarnation. The use of eclecticism is also helpful in understanding the different ways that reincarnation is understood in different cultures.” (TEWAI)
James, W. (1902). The varieties of religious experience: A study in human nature. New York, NY: Longmans, Green, and Co.
James, W. (1902). The efficacy of prayer. In The varieties of religious experience: A study in human nature (pp. 5–6). New York, NY: Longmans, Green, and Co.