“Monica Sjöö (1938–2005) was a Swedish artist and author who is best known for her paintings which combine the influences of Surrealism, Symbolism, and Feminist art. Her work often deals with themes of the feminine divine, the natural world, and the cycle of life. Sjöö was born in Stockholm and studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts. She later moved to London, where she became involved in the British Surrealist group. After returning to Sweden, she co–founded the feminist artist collective Röda Sten in Gothenburg. Sjöö‘s work has been exhibited internationally, including at the Tate Gallery in London and the Moderna Museet in Stockholm. She is the author of several books, including The Great Cosmic Mother: Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth (1987) and New Age and Armageddon: The Goddess or the Gurus? (1996).”When Mor published The Great Cosmic Mother in 1987, the book met with immediate critical acclaim. It has never been out of print and remains on the curricula of many college and university Women’s Studies and Mythology programs. It was considered an important reference books for students who studying ancient history and religion by the School Library Journal.
Mor’s original and preferred title for the book was ‘The First God’, but her choice was over-ruled by publisher Harper & Row. The book began as a short pamphlet written in the 1970s by Monica Sjöö, a Swedish artist, writer, and feminist. Mor and Sjöö, having learned of one another through WomanSpirit magazine, collaborated in expanding the pamphlet to an 80-page small book, which was published by Rainbow Press, in Trondheim, Norway, in 1981. However, after this time Mor dedicated herself, independently, to research, extend, deepen, and expand the book to its present heft of almost 500 pages, this being the volume that was published in 1987 by Harper & Row. Said the publisher at that time, “For this American edition, the book has been completely rewritten and updated by Barbara Mor.” Mor’s comprehensive analysis of world mythologies traces the origin of ancient spiritual beliefs, ceremonies, and rituals as related to Women. She argues that the goddess-centered beliefs that dated from humanity’s Paleolithic age were violently destroyed and replaced by war-like patriarchal cultures and religions during the rise of agriculture and the erection of the first cities in Sumeria and elsewhere. With the displacement of matriarchy by patriarchy, the foundations of “modernity” were laid down, helping explain the rise of war, the manifestation of the Inquisition, and even the Salem witchcraft trials.
With royalties for The Great Cosmic Mother late in coming, Mor attempted to parley the success of the book into a teaching position, but ultimately could not find even menial work and ended up destitute and homeless for several years. She moved to Portland, Oregon in the 1990s, but her experience of homelessness and poverty in the American southwest even as The Great Cosmic Mother was being taught in colleges throughout the country provided much of the material for her next and last two books The Blue Rental and The Victory of Sex and Metal.” (Wiki)
https://www.guggenheim.org/artwork/artist/monica–sjo–oo Sjöö, Monica.
The Great Cosmic Mother: Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth. Harper & Row, 1987. Sjöö, Monica.
New Age and Armageddon: The Goddess or the Gurus? Element Books, 1996.
The Great Cosmic Mother: Rediscovering The Religion Of The Earth
“The Great Cosmic Mother is a term used to describe the divine feminine principle in various ancient and modern cultures. She is often associated with nature, fertility, and motherhood. The concept of the Great Cosmic Mother has its roots in ancient paganism and shamanism, but has been adapted and adopted by many different religions and spiritual traditions over the centuries. Despite her ancient origins, the Great Cosmic Mother continues to be a relevant and powerful symbol in the modern world. She speaks to our deep need for connection with the natural world, and our yearning for a return to simpler times when we were more attuned to the rhythms of nature. In an increasingly fragmented and chaotic world, the Great Cosmic Mother reminds us of our shared humanity and our common bond with all living things. The Great Cosmic Mother is an excellent example of an eclectic spiritual concept, as it draws upon ideas from a variety of different sources. The Great Cosmic Mother is a powerful symbol of the divine feminine principle. She represents the natural world, and our deep connection to it. The Great Cosmic Mother reminds us of our shared humanity, and our common bond with all living things.” (TEWAI)
Davis, J. (2011). The Great Cosmic Mother: Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth. San Francisco, CA: HarperSanFrancisco..Piercy, M. (1976).
Woman on the Edge of Time. New York, NY: Bantam Books. 3.Starhawk (1979).
The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row. 4.Stone, M. (1992).
When God Was a Woman. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 5.Walker, B. (1983).
The Woman‘s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row.
“Barbara Mor (October 3, 1936 — January 24, 2015) was an American poet, editor, and Feminist of the twentieth-century Goddess movement. She became most widely known for The Great Cosmic Mother, a cross-disciplinary study that cites numerous archaeological, anthropological, historical and mythological texts and artifacts as evidence of women’s role as creators and first practitioners of humanity’s earliest religious and cultural belief systems. She was published by Athena Press, WomanSpirit, Second Porcupine Press, Harper & Row, and The Oliver Arts & Open Press. Her poetry was included in Fired Up with You : Poems of a Niagara Vision, edited by the poet Will inman (Border Press 1977). Attracted by the Beat Movement of the late 1950s and early 1960s, Mor lived and wrote in the Santa Cruz Mountains, Baja California, and Los Angeles before settling in San Diego to attend San Diego State University, where she became deeply involved with the Feminist Movement. She taught poetry, gave readings and lectures, and helped compile and edit a variety of poetry anthologies, as well as being Poetry Editor for WomanSpirit magazine. When Mor published The Great Cosmic Mother in 1987, the book met with immediate critical acclaim. It has never been out of print and remains on the curricula of many college and university Women’s Studies and Mythology programs. It was considered an important reference books for students who studying ancient history and religion by the School Library Journal.” (Wiki) (Ancient Lights)